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Glossary of Terms

Agility: The necessary skills and abilities required in order to change the direction and/or the speed of movement.

Barbells: A bar with replaceable, disk-shaped weights fastened to the ends.

Bootcamp: Group exercise that is typically more intense. The intensity could be comparable to that of the Military’s style of training.

Bosu: Also referred to as the “blue half-ball” because it looks like a stability ball cut in half. The name is an acronym which stands for “both sides up” a reference to the two ways it can be positioned.

Cable Cross: Dual cross cable machine using pulleys to train the muscles of the entire body to work together while building stability and coordination.

Circuit Training: A style of workout where you have several different exercises that you do one after another for anywhere from two to four sets.

Dumbbells:  A short bar with weight at each end, used typically in pairs for exercise or muscle building.

Endurance: The ability or strength to continue or last, especially despite fatigue or other adverse conditions; stamina.

Fitness: The state or condition of being physically fit or healthy.

Gym: A facility specialized for lifting weights and exercise.

HIIT: High Intensity Interval Training

Infrared Sauna: A single person sauna set up similar to a tanning bed that heats he body through infrared heat.

Personal Training: One-on-one workouts under the supervision of a personal trainer.

Protein Supplement: A supplement intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be
consumed in sufficient quantities.

Punching bag: A sturdy bag designed to be repeatedly punched or kicked.

Quickness: Oftentimes used interchangeably with agility, but is best described as a specific ability related to the nervous system, which facilitates the performance of simple isolated movements.

Sled: A flat frame with elevated ends that can be pulled or pushed to increase speed, leg and core strength.

Speed: The necessary skills and abilities required to reach and maintain high velocity of movement.

Speedbag: Small punching bag used for practicing quick punches.

Squat Rack: Weightlifting equipment that uses a barbell to do squats, deadlifts, overhead presses, etc.

Stairmaster: Cardio equipment that simulates walking up stairs.

Strength & Conditioning: A key term used to outline two major components of an athletic workout routine.

Stretching: The act of intentionally trying to lengthen muscles.

Tabata: A style of high intensity interval training that utilizes a 2:1 ratio between work and rest.

True Stretch Cage: Equipment used to guide individuals through a stretching routine.

Weight Loss: Shedding of excess or unwanted body weight.

Whole Body Vibration: Piece of equipment that vibrates in three different planes causing involuntary muscle contractions.